There is no doubt tankless water heater is better than old tank water heater. Again, tankless divided into two types based on power source – natural gas or propane operated and electric powered On Demand Water Heaters. After you decide to buy a tankless water heater, the next question comes to mind – which one is best – gas or electric. To give a light on this topic, here we discuss details about Gas vs. Electric On Demand Water Heaters. Be with us to conclude your final buying decision.
A power source is the first point of analysis before moving to other topics. Gas or Electric? Which one is better entirely depends on which one is cheap and readily available in your locality. As of 01 June 2018, the national average price of gas is $2.957/gallon, and highest average price recorded $3.717 at Hawaii followed by California, Washington, Alaska, and Oregon according to AAA gas price. In an interview on USToday published 6:32 a.m. ET March 23, 2014, at 24/7 Wall St., with Michael Green, public relations manager at AAA, said that seasonal factors played a significant role in the recent run-up in gas prices. "Refinery maintenance, the switchover to summer-blend gas, and most-recently growth," all played a significant role in the rise of gas prices, Green said.
According to eia of the U.S. Energy Information Administration, the national average electricity cost is 10.41 cents per KW, released in Jan 2018. The highest price recorded at Hawaii 23.87 cents per KW followed by Alaska, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and California.
If we use 65 gallons of hot water daily –
A natural gas water heater with an EF of .82 and a fuel cost of $0.00000295/Btu
365 x 41045/.82 x $0.00000295 = $53.89
An electric water heater through an Energy Factor of 2.0 and an electricity cost of $0.1041/kWh
365 x 12.03 ÷ 2.0x $0.1041 = $228.54
So, as per national average prices of gas and electricity, cost of electric water heater is higher than gas all over the United States.
The gas-fueled water heater is costly than the electric one. To purchase a gas-fueled water heater, you have to spend about $1000 - $1200 whereas by paying $500 you can get an electric water heater.
Also, non-condensing type gas water heaters are less expensive but need extra cost for installation of venting pipe. On the other side, condensing type gas water heaters are expansive than non-condensing, but their installation cost is lower as no need any venting system.
Installation cost varies on some factors, one of them is the place of installation. If you set it in a new custom-made house than it will be lower, or if you set as replacement of old tank type the cost will be much higher than usual.
The gas-fueled tankless electric heater is expensive to install than the electric one. You have to consider a complex type III ventilation system for non-condensing gas water heater made of stainless steel. It required enough airflow for proper combustion. If you change the old tank heater with gas tankless, you need to renovate the existing ventilation system as per instruction of the manufacturer.
The gas heater also demands up-gradation of home incoming gas line, as it needs high gas pressure to operate.
If you stay in a rental house, to set ventilation system, you may require prior permission from your homeowner. In that case, you can configure your gas tankless water heater at outdoor.
Compared to gas tankless, the electric water heater is much easier to install due to its compact size and less complicated design. The sleek design allows it to fit almost anywhere under sink or kitchen cabinet too.
To power the electric heater you need a particular supply line which may not match with your existing electrical connection. Otherwise, the installation of electric water heater is easy and inexpensive.
In spite of operating efficiency due to price, the gas-fueled tankless water heater is less costly to produce than the electric one. The energy factor of gas water heaters are 80-85%, and electric heaters are above 98%. The earlier part of our review we showed the calculation of operating cost of both the water heater which prove that the gas one is less expensive to produce, means you can save more energy bill.
Water supply and flow rate
One of the primary difference between traditional tank water heater and tankless is continuous hot water supply whenever required. In this case, a gas water heater is more efficient than electric.
Usually, an electric water heater supply 5 gallons of hot water per minute, whereas a gas tankless can supply up to 8 gallons per minute. Thus a gas-fueled water heater is the better match for multiple uses in a large family.
However, hot water temperature and flow again depend on the temperature of incoming water. In winter, the temperature of inflow water is colder which reduce the hot water flow for both types of heaters.
Compare to storage or tank type water heater, repair & maintenance of both type of tankless water heater is simple. As gas tankless water heater is little complex than electric, it needs some extra support.
To get long life and better performance gas water heater need regular checkup per annum by an expert plumber. Besides checking the performance of gas water heater, it needs to check the venting system to ensure the safety of combustion process.
For both type tankless heater urge, flushing in every 6 or 12 months interval depends on water quality to eliminate lime buildup. Also required to use pre-filter to avoid sedimentation inside heat exchanger or pipelines which may cause water leakage. However, need more cleaning for gas type as it operated by fuel.
As there is no combustion process in an electric tankless water heater, it emits less poisonous gases than other types. So it is more environmentally friendly. The energy factor of an electric water heater is almost 98% means it saves energy as well as conserve water too. It is also beneficial to you.
On the other hand, gas water heater responsible for emitting carbon (iv) oxide among other gases during combustion. Carbon (iv) oxide is the main culprit of greenhouse emission. Thankfully, due to the ventilation system, it will not directly affect you.
Service Life and Warranty
Usually, the service life of tankless water heater is more prolonged than traditional water heaters. In the tankless system, gas and electric both are lasting more or less 20 years. Among two, gas-fueled required more maintenance to get long service life.
Though tankless water heater lasting long without any significant troubles, however, a warranty can save buyer in any accidental case. The manufacturer of gas water heater offers roughly 10-years warranty for a heat exchanger, 5-years for sprats and 1-year for labor.
In case of an electric water heater, many manufacturers offer a lifetime warranty, or some are offering five years sprats and 1-year labor warranty. The electric water heater is required less troubleshooting and repair than gas type.
Besides, some manufacturer offers free installation, if so you can cut your expense. To cover warranty most of the cases manufacturer demand installation by a professional plumber, otherwise, the warranty may void.
Tankless water heater mostly manufactured by rust proof and non-corrosive materials which plays an important role to increase longevity. Moreover, proper maintenance shouted to get extended lifespan.
If you prefer on cost savings and high GPM (if large family) than gas tankless water heater will come first.
If you think about compact design, safety, less troubleshooting, and repair, low greenhouse gas emission – environmentally safe than electric tankless water heater will win your mind.
Tax Credit and Rebates
ENERGY STAR is a U.S. Environmental Protection Agency voluntary program which helps businesses and individuals to saves money and protect our climate through superior energy efficiency. According to them, Home builders are qualified for a $2,000 tax credit for a new energy efficient home that achieves 50% energy savings for heating and cooling over the 2006 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) and supplements.
According to Federal Tax Credit if you install gas, oil or propane tankless water heater which achieves at least 0.82 energy factor will get $300 tax credit benefit. However, it may vary from state to state.
Pros and Cons of Gas vs. Electric
Gas Tankless Water Heater
Electric Tankless Water Heater
How to Install a Tankless Water Heater
We cover almost all the good and bad sides of both the tankless water heater. Now it is your turn – either you choose gas water heater for higher flow rate with low fuel cost or if you want low maintenance and installation cost then may go for electric one.